Being thankful for the great effort to restore ecosystems across the world, critically endangered species like Bisons, Beavers, Ospreys and Oysters were back in Britain. This would be a new chapter of a big environmental story.
During last Spring, four Bisons arrived in North Kent as a part of a 519 acres rewilding project. Bison were driven out of the United Kingdom 6000 years ago by hunting. Therefore the new arrival makes the environmentalists more enthusiastic and they believe that this big mammal will create wild-life rich woodlands. The Kent Wildlife Trust and the Wildwood Trust put up a 1.4-metre electric fence around the site to protect them. Bison consider a “ jet fuel for biodiversity”. Female Bison can produce one calf per year. Now Bison populations are rising in Europe successfully because of these reintroduction projects.
After 400 years, the first baby beaver was born in Exmoor wetlands. Beavers have been considered “ecosystem engineers” Beavers have a very special ability to benefit other species. They help to reduce flooding and silting. 2021 was the year for Beavers.17 Beavers were released into enclosures around Wales and England. Dorset Wildlife Trust released two in West Dorset in February and another four adults were released in Derbyshire at Willington Wetlands. Eight beavers with four kits were released in Idle Valley near Retford. By 2022 the wetlands of Britain are rich with a good population of Beavers.
Conservationists predict that Ospreys, the fish-eating bird will be a common sight in the countryside again after 150 years. A successful reintroduction project at Rutland water nature reserve, Started translocating birds from Scotland and now 200 Osprey Chicks fledged this year after 25 years. The latest fledged female chick was ringed with the number 360 to identity. Ospreys make a 3000-mile migration to the west coast of Africa in September.
Oysters are native to the coast of Scotland and have almost been wiped out from there for several decades. the Scottish Sea Wilding charity is reintroducing molluscs along with seagrass to simulate wider ecological recovery.
Native Oysters improve water quality by removing nitrogen from water and creating nursery habitats for fish. Rewilding Network has released more than 300,000 oysters into Loch Craignish. They brought them from Morecambe Bay hatchery. There are now several native oyster restoration projects that can be seen around the United Kingdom.